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Ahmed, Ismail I., and Reginald Herbold Green.  “The Heritage of War and State Collapse
     in Somalia and Somaliland:  Local-Level Effects, External Interventions, and Reconstruction.
     Third World Quarterly  20.1 (1999):  113-127

Besteman, Catherine.  Unraveling Somalia:  Race, Violence, and the Legacy of Slavery.
     Philadelphia:  U of Pennsylvania P, 1999.

Fox, Mary Virginia.  Somalia:  Enchantment of the World.  New York:  Grolier, 1996

General Aidid”  ArabNet.  1996.  Saudi Research and Marketing Group.  18 Mar. 2000

Lyons, Terrance, and Ahmed I. Samatar.  Somalia:  State Collapse, Multilateral
     Intervention and Strategies for Political Reconstruction.  Washington D.C.:
     Brookings Institution, 1995.

Metz, Helen Chapin, ed.  Somalia:  A Country Study.  4th ed.  Washington D.C.:  Library
     Of Congress, Federal Research Division, 1993.

Rake, Alan.  “The North Declares Independence.”  New African.  July 1991.  2 Mar. 2000

Ricciuti, Edward R.  Somalia:  A Crisis of Famine and War.  Brookfield, CT:  Millbrook, 1993.

Simons, Anna.  Networks of Dissolution:  Somalia Undone.  Boulder, CO:  Westview, 1995.

Somalia Peace Rally.  “End In Sight For Somali Civil War?” Africa News Online  21 Mar. 2000.
     East Africa.  22 Mar. 2000


Homepage, Somalia Map:

The Clans, Somali Clan Territories:  Riccuiti, Edward, A Crisis of Famine and War, page 11

Independence, Painting of Muhammad Siad Barre:  Fox, Mary Virginia, Somalia: Enchantment of the World, page 97

Anarchy, Muhammad Ali Madhi:  Ricciuti, Edward, A Crisis of Famine and War, page 26

Intervention, Muhammad Farah Aideed:  Ricciuti, Edward, A Crisis of Famine and War, page 28